Cappadocia – a unique and phenomenal location originating through millions of years worth of volcanic eruptions.
Through centuries of wind and rainfall, the various erosion of the geographical landscape of Cappadocia has made this a place of magnificence. There is nowhere else in the world that can offer an experience quite like this location.
In an extraordinary meeting of nature’s artistic splendor and humankind’s resourcefulness, Cappadocia is one of those rare places that must be experienced at least once in a lifetime. With soaring rock formations, uniquely-rippled landscapes, splendid walking trails, mysterious underground cities and rock-cut churches, Cappadocia is the must-see destination in Turkey.
Within Cappadocia are an array of underground cities, which were created by Christian civilians who at the time were trying to flee persecution from Romans. The surrounding underground is decorated with extraordinary frescoes and is engulfed by numerous cave dwellings.
Long, long ago Cappadocia was inhabited by Christians who also carved thousands of cave churches, chapels and monasteries out of the rock. Many of these churches were decorated with frescoes of medieval saints whose ghostly images still gaze down from the walls.
In our Anatolian tour, you can spend 3 days and 2 nights in this incredibly beautiful region filled with rich historical heritage!
Cappadocia means the land of beautiful horses and has a unique historical and cultural background. The Cappadocia region is generally regarded as the plains and mountain regions of eastern central Anatolia, around the reaches of the River Kizlirmak (Red River), to the Black Sea. Several ancient roads ran through this area, allowing for cross cultural contact. It is this contact that caused the creation of many underground cities to help people forced into religious exile.
The underground cities of Cappadocia have several things in common, including; rooms for food storage, kitchens, stables, wine or oil presses and shafts for ventilation.
Cappadocia’s history dates back to the Bronze age and was the Hittite power centre of Hattusa. There were several exchanges of power, from the Mushki, Assyrians, Phrygians, Lydians and finally the Roman Empire took control of the area. During the Roman and Byzantine rule, Cappadocia became a refuge place for Christians. It is for this reason that Cappadocia contains several underground cities. These cities flourished throughout the 4th and 11th century, when Cappadocia came under attack from Turkmenistan, Arabs, Mongolia, Seljuks and the Ottomans.
Cappadocia slowly lost its importance in Anatolia, until a French Priest rediscovered the churches in 1907. There are many must see locations in Cappadocia including;